Since Yuri Alekseevich entered orbit, mankind only says that it should be in space. At the same time, there are still a lot of difficulties in this matter. So is the game worth the candle or is it better to entrust this to robots and other mechanisms and not risk the lives of astronauts? Let's speculate.
Of course, space is studied negligible time, if you look at the scale of the formation of what it is. By and large, so far we have gained experience only in order to photograph a black hole, study the back of the moon, find the remnants of water on Mars and prove to ourselves that we can be in orbit for a long time, albeit with a few “buts.” It turns out that a person was needed in orbit only for the last of the listed studies.
Beginning with the Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel Engineer V. M. Komarov, who died during the landing of the Soyuz-1 launch vehicle in 1976, to this day, more than 350 people have died in attempts to conquer space, according to various estimates. Among them were astronauts and astronauts who died during the flight, those who died during training, and personnel serving the launches.
If you put aside ethical issues, the figure does not seem large in the framework of such a large-scale business as space exploration. But is it worth continuing in this spirit if there is no real need for a person in space?
Why does man fly into space?
Currently, man conducts the main activity in space on his own. For this, various crews are constantly sent to the ISS, and this is the effort and money spent on training, launch, accommodation, and so on. These are huge costs that begin to seem pointless if we recall the automation capabilities that the ISS and modern technologies provide for the autonomy of mechanical systems.
In fact, a person is needed only to ensure the functioning of systems that themselves are able to collect information and conduct experiments. You can also be an operator on Earth without rising so high.
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What is the expediency of finding a person in space? You can find only a couple of objective reasons. First of all, it is a matter of prestige of the country. It just so happened that a citizen of the country in orbit becomes the pride of her government. There is even a certain political issue. It is not in vain that when listing the crew of the ISS, they must be called their nationality.
The second point is the study of how being in space affects the human body. Such research is needed in order to be ready to conquer other planets. Sooner or later, the time will come when it will be necessary to do this, and then the collected knowledge can be very useful. The only problem is that the ISS is too close to the Earth and it is possible to judge the state of human health only from the point of view of being in zero gravity, without taking into account other little-known factors.
Do people need space
Recently, space exploration is mainly related to the military industry and space exploration, not for the sake of space, but for the satisfaction of earthly needs. Examples include meteorological studies, communication systems, positioning methods, and the like. That is, not at all studies relating to the flight to distant galaxies.
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Even sending a person to the moon was more of an “image” topic, as it was primarily intended to show which country would do it first. From the point of view of studying the surface of the satellite, most of the data was collected when the Ranger-7 apparatus transmitted almost four and a half thousand high-quality photographs before it remained forever on the surface of the moon.
The second, probably the most successful example will be the Voyager-1 and Voyager-2 vehicles, launched back in 1977. They did significantly more than any person in space. What is only going beyond the limits of the solar system, studies of the solar wind and detailed photographs of Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and its satellite Titan. Again, all this was possible without the direct involvement of man.
Just imagine that in one of the listed devices a person would be sitting. What for? There is no answer to this question. At the same time, do not forget that the devices listed above are more than 40 years old, and their computing power is less than that of a modern smartphone. Now imagine what can be done with the current level of computer development.
That is why, we can safely say that the future in space is with computers and automated systems. The person in this system is assigned the role of the maintenance staff. He will be able to carry out repairs, check the correct operation of automated systems and, if necessary, make adjustments.
How will space exploration develop further?
According to official figures, until 2025, NASA plans to completely stop financing the ISS and curtail participation in this project, transferring its segment to commercial partners. The agency will rely on them in the implementation of research projects. Indirectly, this may indicate that money will now be invested in the study of autonomous systems and the creation of a station that can work almost completely autonomously. It will require minimal human intervention. Most likely, it will not even have a permanent crew, but there will be periodic expeditions to carry out the necessary work.
All this fits not only in the logic of the modern world, where more and more tasks are transferred to the shoulders of robots and computers, but also in the logic of space exploration, which speaks of the senselessness of the large expenditures of human and financial resources if their efficiency is significantly lower compared to robots.
Already, there are many types of work that robots do in space better than humans. There are many of them, from automatic control of stations and ships to autonomous rovers and moon rovers. And now imagine that in our time, other processes can be automated and transferred to remote control. It turns out that the issue of finding a person in space is becoming less and less relevant? It turns out that this is so …
Do you think that a person should continue to persist in the issue of space exploration? Or is it better to entrust this business to the machines, and then come, as they say, to everything ready? Write your opinion in our special Telegram chat. There are generally a lot of interesting things.